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Interview with Lu Qiao, international affairs manager and deputy director of the Certification Department of Shanghai Instrumentation and automatic control system inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd.

testing and certification promote the export trade of explosion-proof equipment

-- Interview with Lu Qiao, international affairs manager and Deputy director of the Certification Department of Shanghai Instrumentation and automatic control system inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd.

□ Ding Ying of this newspaper

as of the end of July this year, The business volume of inspection and certification applications signed by Shanghai Instrumentation and automatic control system inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd. for the purpose of product export has reached 75% of the total volume of last year. In all service contracts, enterprises apply independently, and the number of inspection projects for the purpose of self-improvement has increased, indicating that certified enterprises have played a good demonstration effect in the industry and become a benchmark leading the self-improvement of the industry. The data shows that the cooperation of mutual recognition of testing and certification is the key to effectively remove technical barriers to trade, promote smooth trade, and play an important role in promoting the explosion-proof equipment industry to go global and improving the quality of explosion-proof equipment. Recently, I interviewed Lu Qiao, the international affairs manager and deputy director of the Certification Department of the breakthrough low temperature co sintering technology inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd. of the Department of instrumentation and automatic control in Shanghai

Shanghai Instrumentation and automatic control system inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd. is a comprehensive scientific research institute engaged in the research, development, production, application and testing of industrial automation instrumentation products and production process automatic control systems. It is mainly engaged in the common testing of climate, mechanical environment, safety and other aspects, as well as the professional performance testing of instruments, including the testing items in specific fields, such as nuclear power, SIL evaluation, information security, and explosion-proof safety testing and certification. In the 1980s, the Institute established an explosion-proof laboratory. For decades, they continued to follow the international standard formulation and revision of the gas spring testing machine, which is suitable for the tension, pressure, displacement, curve and other experiments and analysis of gas body springs, developed testing equipment, communicated testing and certification technology with international peers, actively participated in the international explosion-proof certification system, and implemented the explosion-proof product certification system

according to Lu Qiao, explosion-proof safety belongs to a niche industry, but it is highly professional and closely related to human health and industrial safety. The requirements for the equipment itself and the enterprises engaged in production are relatively high, so the value and profit space of explosion-proof equipment are also relatively high. There are thousands of enterprises engaged in the design and manufacture of explosion-proof equipment in China. However, until the end of the last century, the manufacturing of explosion-proof equipment was still dominated by multinational companies, and the production of domestic enterprises was mainly labor-intensive low-end products. Fortunately, in the past ten years, this situation has changed significantly. Chinese explosion-proof enterprises have constantly introduced new products, stepped out of the country and stepped onto the international stage. These changes benefit from the international mutual recognition system for the detection and certification of explosion-proof products

Lu Qiao said that national differences in standards, testing and certification systems are the source of trade barriers. Explosion proof equipment is widely used, including petrochemical, pharmaceutical, mining, gas storage and transportation and many other fields. At present, the hot markets of the explosion-proof industry include China's petrochemical industry, the oil exploitation industry in the Middle East and Southeast Asia, the natural gas exploitation industry in Russia, the coal mining industry in Australia, the offshore engineering/platform construction in China and South Korea, and the natural gas transmission and distribution, pharmaceutical, printing and other fields in various countries have a large amount of demand for explosion-proof equipment procurement. But more than a decade ago, China rarely exported explosion-proof equipment. On the one hand, the product technology level was low, on the other hand, at that time, domestic enterprises did not understand the international market situation, did not grasp the threshold of market access of various countries, and lacked confidence in the international market. At that time, domestic explosion-proof enterprises only followed China's management requirements, and there were great differences between China's management system and the management systems of various countries in the world, so it was difficult for enterprises to estimate the initial investment and make up their minds to independently develop and cultivate the market. There are three parallel systems for the management of explosion-proof equipment in China. The certificate system refers to the type inspection of products and the confirmation of product design and structure; License system is the verification and confirmation of production conditions and production capacity of manufacturing enterprises; Safety signs are a special access management system for the coal industry. These management systems originate from the needs of industry management, and their focus is different. Compared with the internationally accepted product certification rules, they only focus on some of them, which is not comprehensive enough. In contrast, other countries' more comprehensive evaluation bodies related to explosion-proof equipment are close to the border system. The vast majority of countries or regions such as the United States, the European Union, Japan, South Korea, India, Iran, Russia, etc. adopt compulsory product certification for management, with complete testing and certification requirements. Only EU countries allow enterprises to make self declarations for equipment with low risk levels, while some Middle Eastern countries directly accept the EU certification results. Due to the separation of domestic testing and inspection and the lack of certification system, the explosion-proof management ability and management level of manufacturing enterprises are relatively weak

there is also a big gap between China and other countries in terms of national standards for testing and certification. Developed countries such as Europe and the United States basically adopt IEC standards, or add some higher safety indicators. However, China's technical standards are far behind the IEC standards, which directly causes enterprises to not master the latest international standards and cannot implement the latest requirements of international standards in product design, resulting in products designed by enterprises not meeting the minimum requirements of safety management in the international market, reducing the export opportunities of enterprise products

Lu Qiao said that it was the mutual recognition cooperation of detection and certification that solved this problem. Shanghai Instrumentation and automatic control system inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd. continues to enhance cooperation and mutual trust through exchanges and mutual visits with foreign technical institutions and experts. At the same time, it has signed bilateral or multilateral mutual recognition cooperation agreements, testing/inspection data exchange and trust acquisition agreements with foreign technical institutions. At present, the Institute has signed mutual recognition agreements with more than 30 institutions. In addition to building a bilateral cooperation platform, the Institute has also joined the international multilateral cooperation platform, has become a certification body and testing laboratory under the IECEx system, and has officially joined the international mutual recognition system family with the participation of more than 30 countries

on this basis, Shanghai Instrumentation and automatic control system inspection and Testing Institute Co., Ltd. has carried out in-depth cooperation with foreign institutions. All testing (including differences) work is completed in China. When necessary, they also invite foreign experts to witness it on site, so as to truly realize the localization of all testing and save considerable certification costs for enterprises. At the same time, they actively strive for the authorization of personnel from international institutions and organizations, and realize that the company's personnel undertake the task of on-site inspection and issue reports, which not only improves the technical level of testing and certification personnel, but also reduces the additional costs of enterprises in translation and other aspects, and eliminates the fear of enterprises due to lack of language. Through bilateral and multilateral product certification platforms, the Institute performs localized testing and inspection. The other organization only performs the necessary process confirmation, and domestic enterprises can apply for explosion-proof certification for market access of various countries, truly realizing localized global market access certification. At the same time, in strict accordance with regulatory requirements, the Institute guides enterprises to organize production, carry out correct product identification and declaration (CE declaration), and all links are closely linked to ensure the consistency and compliance of products. From cleaning all parts in clean and compatible commercial solvents, it can not only quickly obtain market access permits, but also avoid potential quality risks caused by exported products

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