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Nearly 85% of the manufacturing industry has begun digital transformation, who will succeed

electromechanical; Manufacturing enterprises; Digital transformation; Enterprises are facing digital transformation, which is rooted in the four major problems facing the global economy: weak growth, overcapacity, aging, and intensified global competition. From the perspective of economics, digital transformation can reduce costs and increase efficiency, and boost productivity with technology. Everyone loves it. The data also illustrates the problem: the 2018 China enterprise digital development report released by IDC, a third-party organization, shows that the digital economy of countries such as Germany and the UK accounts for more than 50% of GDP. China has reached 32.9% by 2017, with a scale of 27.2 trillion yuan. At present, the growth rate is nearly 20%, and there is still much room for improvement. The figures may not be accurate, but the trend is obvious

but the problem that many executives and scholars struggle with is that digitalization does not seem to be easily equated with enterprise strategy. The diversity of digital means and the complexity of industry make enterprises face many challenges. The macroeconomic analysis that scholars are used to may not be able to point out every detail of the digital transformation, because industry segmentation, core business, development stage, and social factors (such as environmental protection) that have recently been paid more and more attention to make every enterprise face different digital needs. At the enterprise level, digitalization itself is hardly a strategy if it does not match its core business

seeking direction in the exploration of industrial digitalization

the complexity of digital transformation is also reflected in its calculation difficulty. Different from IDC's figures, according to the statistics of Caixin think tank, according to the investment calculation, the actual proportion of digital economy in China's economy is about 10%. At the 2019 Schneider Electric Innovation Summit held not long ago, Shan Zhiguang, director of the informatization and Industrial Development Department of the National Information Center, pointed out that the figure of 10% is more rigorous, and the digital economy will shift from consumer interconnection to industrial interconnection in the second half, but the digital transformation of the industry will not show a big explosion or burst of economic volume like consumer interconnection. For Chinese manufacturing enterprises, digitalization needs to solve its core problems: optimizing production capacity, reducing energy consumption and emissions

China United Cement is a good sample. In 2018, the national cement production capacity was 3.1 billion tons, while the normal consumption did not exceed 1.7 billion tons, resulting in serious overcapacity in the industry. Coupled with the pressure of homogenization, energy consumption and environmental protection, it can be said that it is a gateway that must be transformed. The company and Schneider Electric jointly carried out the pilot of intelligent factory, and the stability of products has been greatly improved with the same cost; At the same time, the energy consumption is basically 10 kilograms of standard coal lower than that of traditional products, and the power consumption is basically saved by 20%; The labor productivity has been greatly improved. The traditional production line basically employs 350 people, but now only 97 people; Environmental protection indicators have been greatly improved, reducing the emission of 25 kilograms of carbon dioxide. Wang Kedong, assistant general manager of China United Cement, said that the transformation results of China United Cement benefited from the top-level planning in the early stage. Because of the clear goals, it not only has obvious effects, but also does a good job in cost control and recovery. He also revealed that China United Cement is currently using its digital experience to improve its original production line

data show that 84.9% of China's manufacturing enterprises have varying degrees of transformation and upgrading needs. The cement industry is representative in the digital transformation of Chinese enterprises at this stage. However, enterprises in different industries and scales have different business priorities, and experience is difficult to copy. At present, it is generally believed that the best enterprises and the best level in China's benchmarking of German industry 4.0 are also in the stage of looking forward to 4.0, that is, the level of 3.0, and there are still a large number of industries that need to make up the lessons of 1.0 and 2.0. Shan Zhiguang believes that for the majority of enterprises, digital transformation has three core challenges: first, there are many scenarios, and there is no general solution; Second, the challenge of data processing ability; Third, the challenge of system complexity. Among them, the transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises is particularly difficult: digitalization is difficult to accurately match the core business strategy of the enterprise, and becomes digitalized for the sake of digitalization

Li Yan, an investigator and researcher of the industrial economy research department of the development research center of the State Council, believes that this is the biggest misunderstanding of digitalization at present. In contrast, for some enterprises that do well, digital transformation is well combined with product innovation strategy and business model innovation strategy. From the government level, such as textile and clothing enterprises, through big data and industrial Internet platforms to achieve user data collection, they can improve the customer experience and personalization of their products through personalized customization, so as to improve the added value of their products

she believes that according to the exploration of successful enterprises at present, three directions can be summarized: maintenance should be carried out from these aspects: the fixture used to fix the product on the machine should first promote the intelligent automation of the production process; The second is to rely on the platform of industrial interconnection to realize the combination of production and use, flexible supply and demand, flexible docking, and efficient integration; Third, the deep integration of manufacturing and services has brought innovation and change to the business model, enabling the manufacturing industry to extend and expand to the price chain

technology into the scene

no matter which direction, the premise of digitalization is technology selection and use. But technology cannot function out of thin air without the scene. Just think, if the digitalization of the whole manufacturing industry is compared to the digitalization of a family, the smart door lock is for safety, the smart TV is for entertainment, the induction lamp is energy-saving, and the smart air conditioner is comfortable. If we don't consider the demand and purchase equipment blindly, the family will become a technology testing ground, and the investment will be wasted, which will not meet the needs of normal life

5g era is coming, and the improvement of data transmission capacity will make the mutual promotion between technology and application scenarios more frequent. But the question arises. First of all, can new technologies be directly used in the digital transformation of enterprises? Schneider Electric, which has served Chinese enterprises for 30 years, is well versed in industry characteristics and has rich experience in energy efficiency management and digitalization. Its views on this are representative and valuable for reference

Yin Zheng, global executive vice president of Schneider Electric and President of China, said in public on more than one occasion in recent years that digitalization should be combined with practice, identify customer needs, use digital means to improve, and first medicine, then medicine

at the Schneider Electric Innovation Summit, pangxingjian, senior vice president of Schneider Electric and head of industrial automation business in China, believed that all cutting-edge technologies must be associated with specific application scenarios, and the use of technology can be natural. In recent years, Schneider Electric launched ecostruxure architecture and platform based on IOT, which includes three levels of interconnected products, edge control, application, analysis and service. It can quickly integrate it and ot technology like a vine cutting technique

at present, there are about 500000 project sites with ecostruxure installed. More than 20000 developers, 650000 service providers and partners work together

Schneider Electric itself is a manufacturing enterprise, and the effect of digitalization can largely provide evidence for its view. Schneider Electric Wuhan plant has entered the forefront of the world's leading digital transformation and won the evaluation of the Davos Forum lighthouse plant. Its benefits include more flexible production paradigm, lower total manufacturing cost, more timely meeting the needs of customers and the market, and more stable quality

another problem faced by enterprises in their digital transformation is systematization and sustainability. According to the OECD report entitled "digital dividend productivity improvement", a survey of European sample enterprises from 2010 to 2016 proved that the productivity of enterprises was indeed improved through digital applications, with an average of 0.9 to 1.45 percentage points. However, only a small number of enterprises that continue to invest in innovative businesses and change their own organization and management have achieved greater improvement and transformation

Li Yan believes that at this stage, digital cost reduction, quality improvement and efficiency improvement are the weak points. Next, for the application of comprehensive integration, the higher stage is to realize the transformation of the enterprise itself, which should be combined with product innovation and business innovation. Therefore, digital transformation requires scientific planning and steady implementation

visible benefits of transformation

for any enterprise, digital transformation needs to see benefits. The 2019 global digital transformation revenue report released by Schneider Electric this year summarizes three areas of value creation based on the research of 230 customers who have achieved tangible and quantifiable business benefits through energy efficiency management and automated digital transformation in the past five years: capital expenditure; Operating expenses; Sustainability, speed and performance

research shows that digitalization of engineering processes can save enterprises 35% capital expenditure (capex) and time optimization on average, and the commissioning cost of new systems and assets can also be reduced by 29% on average; Enterprises and institutions can save an average of 24% of energy consumption. In the field of industrial applications, from IOT tracking to automated production lines, energy efficiency management and automation of the entire value chain can increase productivity by 50%

there are many Chinese enterprises such as China Unicom and Baosteel in this report. For them, the benefits of digital transformation are real. Facing the complex and diverse enterprise needs of China's manufacturing industry, Shan Zhiguang concluded that the digital transformation still needs to be gradual, but the impact on China's manufacturing industry may be completely transformed. The premise of all this is that enterprises can find a transformation path that conforms to their own reality

nearly 85% of the manufacturing industry has begun digital transformation. Who will succeed? It is sorted out and released by China mechanical and electrical industry C 120 ° diamond 1471 (150) HRC 20 (7) 0 product transaction (hereinafter referred to as machine delivery). If you need to reprint, please indicate the source of the article. For more information about the electromechanical industry, please click attention: electromechanical information of China's electromechanical products trading

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